Antiamnesic effect of metoprine and of selective histamine H(1) receptor agonists in a modified mouse passive avoidance test
Malmberg-Aiello P, Ipponi A, Bartolini A, Schunack W.
Department of Preclinical and Clinical Pharmacology,
University of Florence, Firenze, Italy.
Neurosci Lett 2000 Jul 7;288(1):1-4


The aim of this study was to elucidate the effect caused by the inhibition of histamine catabolism by means of metoprine and the activation of histamine H(1) receptors by selective agonists on learning and memory processes, using a modified method of the mouse passive avoidance test. The administration of scopolamine 1 mg/kg (i. p.) immediately after the training session caused statistically-significant amnesia during the retention trial performed 24 h later. Piracetam (30 mg/kg (i.p.)), used as a positive control, and administered 20 min before the training session, prevented scopolamine-induced memory impairment. The histamine-N-methyltransferase inhibitor, metoprine, (2 and 5 mg/kg (s.c.)) had effects similar to those of this nootropic drug. The highly-selective H(1) receptor agonist, 2-(3-trifluoromethylphenyl)histamine (FMPH) (2.65 and 6.5 microg/mouse (i.c.v.)) and the less selective agonist, 2-thiazolylethylamine (2-TEA) (0.1 and 0.3 microg/mouse (i.c.v.)) both antagonized the scopolamine-induced amnesia significantly and in a dose-related manner. The selective H(1) receptor antagonist, pyrilamine (20 mg/kg (i.p.)), revealed no effect by itself, but significantly prevented the antiamnesic action both that of the H(1) receptor agonists, and that of endogenous histamine, released by metoprine, thus suggesting a cognitive improvement via the activation of H(1) receptors.

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